React inline styles – merge two style objects

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I had two style objects that I needed to merge for a component. One was the style objects that makes the component look good, the other was to set the display visible or not.

I could get around it by wrapping the component in another div that would get the display style, but here is how to minimize your divs

const style1 = {color: ‘blue’}
const style2 = {display: ‘none’} //used with state that toggles visibility

<div style={Object.assign(style2, style1)} > </div>

The reason the display style should be first is because the key pairs from the second object are copied to the first. so style2 would now be

{display: ‘none’, color: ‘blue’}


Node Error : Promise.all is not a function

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Are you getting the message?

Promise.all is not a function

At first I was thinking is my node version out of date?

But the answer is actually that your Promise.all function inst receiving an array. 



axios – on POST errors JSON response from api server not being printed

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When you POST from curl, you are getting the JSON response from the server that you setup.

On your frontend when trying to print the error to the console it’s not coming up. Instead you get the following:

xhr.js:166 POST MYURLHERE 400 (Bad Request)

Even if you print the whole error or JSON stringify the error you aren’t seeing the response


make sure you are printing 


Heroku : Application error : error code=H12 desc=”Request timeout” : when using remote database

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I was working with a Node application I built, which connected to a hosted MongoDB database. Everything worked perfectly on my development machine. Once I pushed everything to heroku is where I would start getting problems.

I received this error after trying to connect to my apps webpage

Application error

An error occurred in the application and your page could not be served. If you are the application owner, check your logs for details. You can do this from the Heroku CLI with the command
heroku logs --tail

When checking the logs this error stood out

2019-08-01T18:36:14.968797+00:00 heroku[router]: at=error code=H12 desc=”Request timeout” method=GET path=”/api/notes” host=spongebobs-basin request_id=e70f60dc-321d-421c-9c24-6974ba3a79bb fwd=”″ dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=30000ms status=503 b
ytes=0 protocol=https

So what are the important things in this line?

  • desc=”Request timeout”
  • method=GET path=”/api/notes”
  • service=30000ms
  • status=503 b

I am connecting to the correct path, using the correct method, but after 30 seconds the server is timing out , so heroku sends a 503 Service Unavailable.

This was a strange one to figure out since locally everything worked great. I changed some things around for testing and found that the application on heroku was not connecting to the remote mongoDB host. Locally it worked great. Was this a herkoku problem?


The .env file I used locally required the mongoDB URI to be in quotes. The app would not work without the quotes. But the configuration variables in heroku needed to be added without the quotes.

  • .env  ‘mongodb+srv://’
  • Config Vars  mongodb+srv://

Hoisting in JavaScript

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Hoisting is a term that i thrown around a lot if you are reading up on JavaScript. But what is hoisting? The verb hoist is defined as “an act of raising or lifting something”. So we must be raising something up. But What? Variables and function declarations  are what are hoisted to the top of the code. By verb definition, the variables and function declarations are what are moved to the top of scope. That is how it’s actually been explained to me in many tutorials, videos, and even in various lectures. However, this isn’t actually he case!  “The variable and function declarations are put into memory during the compile phase, but stay exactly where you typed them in your code.” [A] So the code isn’t moved, but by declarations being placed in memory, you can call those declarations in your code before they are read later. Meaning, referenced decelerations can be placed under callers in code.

If we look at the code below, we see that the function caller is accessing function toBeHoisted before it’s defined. Thanks to JavaScript’s hoisting, this is not a problem.

function caller(){
  let x = toBeHoisted();

function toBeHoisted(){
  return 5;

caller() //10

.What we have to take heed of however is that initializations are NOT hoisted, only definitions. So this is why it is said only functions are hoisted, even though technically, only declarations are hoisted, which can be variables or functions. In practice, even if the variable is initialized upon declaration, it doesn’t satisfy any callers  In the example below, if we define variable toBeHoisted , but initialize it after function caller, then we will have an error

function caller(){
  let x = toBeHoisted;

caller()  //toBeHoisted is not defined, we get NaN

var toBeHoisted = 95;


To see that hoisting does affect variables, we could initialize the variable BEFORE declaring it, and then the declaration is hoisted.

toBeHoisted = 95;

function caller(){
  let x = toBeHoisted;

caller() //100

var toBeHoisted;


As an aside, if we change from a var decleration to let decleration, that will not be hoisted and we get an error

toBeHoisted = 95;

function caller(){
  let x = toBeHoisted;

caller() //ReferenceError: toBeHoisted is not defined

let toBeHoisted;


ECMAScript 2017 padEnd() and padStart()

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Two new methods implemented in the 2017 version of Javascript are padEnd and padStart. Both methods pad a string with second string, until the result is of the desired indicated length. Given that the return value of padEnd and padStart are new Strings, and the original strings are unmodified, the methods a “pure”, as they do not cause side-effects.  As you can see from the examples below, this is true as str1 in the example is unmodified.

Screen Shot 2018-09-08 at 1.04.49 AM

Now the length of our example string, str1 is 17.  If the target length is less than the size of the primary string, the primary string will be returned. If the target length is less than the size of the primary string and the added string, the added string will be truncated to fit the target length. Example below:

Screen Shot 2018-09-08 at 1.14.54 AM.png

If your browser doesn’t have these methods because it doesn’t support ECMAScript 2017 you can actually write your own methods and add them to the String prototype, extending it. I changed the styling such that it can fit in a smaller picture, so heres an example of padEnd() implemented by me: below. See also the repl link if you would like to play with it

Screen Shot 2018-09-08 at 1.37.56 AM

Screen Shot 2018-09-08 at 1.42.44 AM.png

React – onClick captures children as target rather than parent

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I placed  some data in the parent div that I wanted to use when the div was clicked.

Using was not working because I was getting the children elements as the target and not the parent div as I wanted.

div  onClick={this.handleClick} name={}  //want this as event target h2 
Welcome h2
h3 {} h3
h4 Item found in: {Item.location} h4


The fix was below:

handleClick = (event)=>{
const target =